Classifications

Classification

Kindgom: Animalia

  • Branch: Chordata
    • Class: Reptilia
      • Order: Squamata
        • Family: Viperidae
          • Genus: Trimeresurus

Etymologies

Craspedocephalus, (David et al., 2004)
No information found. Craspedo means “at the edge of” and cephalus “head”, probably related to the specific shape of the mouth.

Cryptelytrops, (Cope, 1860)
Derived from the Greek “Kryptos” (hidden), “elytron” (envelope) and “ops” (eye). Cope did not explain this name, but reading his description, it appears obvious that he wanted to indicate that these snakes had very small supra-ocular scales. He specifies that this genus differs from the Atropos genus by a rudimentary supra-ocular scale. This taxon is now invalidated, see Trimeresurus.

Himalayophis, (Huang, 1982)
The Greek suffix ophi (o), ophidi (o) means snake. Himalayophis therefore refers to the place of life, the Himalayas, and the snake: snakes of the Himalayas.

Parias, (Grey, 1849)
No explanation was found for Gray’s choice for this genre name. However, it can be noted that this genus was created to isolate 3 species that the author had placed seven years earlier in the genus Megaera. Perhaps it is necessary to see there simply the use of the word pariah, thus marking the exclusion of these snakes of the genus Megaera.

Peltopelor, (Günther, 1864)
Derived from the Greek péltê, small shield, by extension: plate, shell) and pelor (monstrous) surely in reference to the very large scales of these snakes

Popeia, (Malhotra et thorpe, 2004)
In honor of the herpetologist Clifford Pope (1899-1974) who mentioned the importance of hemipenes in the distinction of green species of the genus Trimeresurus.

Sinovipera, (Guo et Wang, 2011)
The Sino prefix comes from Latin and means South of China. Sinovipera would therefore mean viper from the south of China. However, the one-design Sinovipera sichuanensis is a locality in Sichuan, central-western province of China.

Trimeresurus, (Lacépède, 1804)
Trimeresurus was introduced by Lacépède (1756-1825) in 1804 in the book “Memoir on several animals of New Holland whose description has not yet been published” and derives from the Greek treis (three), mother (part ) and surus derived from oura (tail) It thus describes kinds of urostège, scales sub-caudales, in double row at the base, then simple and again in double row.

Viridovipera, (Malhotra et thorpe, 2004)
comes from the Latin viridis (green) and vipera (viper). Unique representative of the complex to have only green specimens.

 

Sources:

L’étymologie des noms latins des serpents. Author, Rémi Ksas. Publisher, Venom world éditions, 2015. ISBN, 2746687135, 9782746687134

http://en.wiktionary.org/

http://www.reptile-database.org/

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/

Thorpe, R. S., Creer, S., Lallias, D., Dawnay, L., Stuart, B. L., & Malhotra, A. (2015). Convergence of multiple markers and analysis methods defines the genetic distinctiveness of cryptic pitvipers. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 92, 266-279.