Viridovipera stejnegeri (Schmidt, 1925)

Etymology: named in honor of Leonhard Hess Stejneger. There are several holotypes for this species, all of Chinese origin

Mâle Viridovipera stejnegeri – Nord de Taiwan – crédit: Tom Charlton
Mâle Viridovipera stejnegeri – North of Taiwan – crédit: Tom Charlton


  • Lèvre supérieure: vert clair à vert foncé
  • Ligne faciale: vert clair à vert foncé
  • Ligne de corps: vert clair à vert foncé, ligne blanche parfois chez la femelle. Blanche et orange ou rouge chez le mâle
  • Lèvre et menton: vert clair à vert foncé
  • Queue: la ligne rouge-marron commence au dessus de la queue
  • Corps: vert clair à vert foncé
  • Ventrale: vert pâle
  • Reproduction: vivipare
  • Hemipenes: 1 spinose

Further information


In some parts of China and northern Vietnam, females have, as is usually the case in males, a red lateral line (Malhotra, A., Thorpe, R. S., & Stuart, B. L. (2004)).


China (absent from Hong Kong), India, Laos, Nepal, Taiwan, Vietnam.

Viridovipera stejnegeri appeared at the end of the Miocene about 6.0 million years ago. The bamboo rattlesnake has two distinct clades (Southwest China and Southeast China). This difference, from west to east, is due to various factors such as orogeny or ice cycles. (GUO, Peng, LIU, Qin, ZHU, Fei, et al., 2016)


  • Viridovipera stejnegeri - Hunan (China) - Credit: Dan Rosenberg
    Viridovipera stejnegeri - Hunan (China) - Credit: Dan Rosenberg


Malhotra, A., & Thorpe, R. S. (2004). A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 32(1), 83-100.

Guo, P., & Zhao, E. M. (2006). Comparison of skull morphology in nine Asian pit vipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae). The Herpetological Journal, 16(3), 305-313.

Malhotra, A., Thorpe, R. S., & Stuart, B. L. (2004). A morphometric analysis of Trimeresurus vogeli (David, Vidal and Pauwels, 2001), with new data on diagnostic characteristics, distribution and natural history. Herpetological journal, 14(2), 65-78.

Suen, P. Y. (2017). Bamboo snake (Trimeresurus albolabris) bite in Hong Kong and its prognostic factors for local complications with surgical intervention, coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine, 24(2), 79.

GUO, Peng, LIU, Qin, ZHU, Fei, et al. Complex longitudinal diversification across South China and Vietnam in Stejneger’s pit viper, Viridovipera stejnegeri (Schmidt, 1925)(Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae). Molecular ecology, 2016, vol. 25, no 12, p. 2920-2936.